Where Are Toyota Cars Made? Global Manufacturing Plants Explained

Where Are Toyota Cars Made

Toyota is one of the largest and most well-known automotive brands in the world. With popular models like the Camry, Corolla, RAV4 and more, Toyota vehicles can be found on roads around the globe. But where exactly are Toyota cars made?

Toyota utilizes a worldwide manufacturing strategy, with vehicle assembly plants located across Japan, North America, Europe, Asia, South America and more. This allows Toyota to build cars and trucks close to local markets.

In this in-depth post, we’ll break down Toyota’s extensive production footprint by looking at where the major Toyota models are made and outlining their key manufacturing facilities in each region. Read on to learn all about where your Toyota was manufactured.

An Overview of Toyota’s Global Production

Before diving into the specific Toyota manufacturing locations, it helps to understand their overarching production strategy.

Toyota employs a global approach for manufacturing and assembling vehicles. They operate over 30 vehicle assembly plants around the world, strategically located in the major markets where Toyota sells cars and trucks.

Some key notes about Toyota’s worldwide manufacturing:

  • Japan – Toyota’s headquarters and original production base is in Japan. Several major plants are located throughout Aichi Prefecture and produce over 40% of Toyota’s global output.
  • North America – Toyota has six major assembly plants in the United States, plus one in Canada and Mexico. This allows Toyota to build North American market vehicles domestically.
  • Europe – Toyota has vehicle production activities in France, the United Kingdom, Turkey, Russia and the Czech Republic to supply the European market.
  • Asia – Thailand, Indonesia, India, Pakistan, Malaysia, Taiwan and China all contain Toyota manufacturing facilities to serve Asia’s growing automotive demand.
  • South America – Toyota has production bases in Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela and Colombia for Central and South American markets.

This global distribution of plants allows Toyota to build vehicles close to where they will be sold, reducing logistics costs while supporting local economies. Next, we’ll look at where specific Toyota models are produced.

Where Are Toyota Cars Assembled? Manufacturing By Model

Toyota manufactures their diverse lineup of cars, trucks and SUVs all around the world. Here we’ll see exactly where some of Toyota’s most popular models are assembled.

Toyota Camry

The Toyota Camry midsize sedan is the best-selling Toyota vehicle globally, renowned for its reliability and safety. This family-focused sedan sees production at:

  • Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky (TMMK) – Georgetown, Kentucky, USA
  • Tsutsumi plant – Toyota City, Aichi Prefecture, Japan
  • Toyota Australia – Altona, Victoria, Australia

Camry production is centered at Toyota’s mammoth Kentucky plant in the United States, which boasts annual capacity of over 500,000 vehicles. Additional Camrys for other markets come out of Japan and Australia.

Toyota RAV4

Toyota’s top-selling SUV, the RAV4 compact crossover, rolls off the lines at:

  • Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada (TMMC) – Woodstock, Ontario, Canada
  • Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky (TMMK) – Georgetown, Kentucky, USA
  • Toyota Motor Manufacturing Russia (TMMR) – St. Petersburg, Russia

The Canadian and Kentucky plants supply most RAV4 models to North America, while the Russia facility produces RAV4s for the Russian and European markets.

Toyota Corolla

The venerable Toyota Corolla compact car holds the title of global best-selling vehicle of all time. This Economy car icon is manufactured in:

  • Toyota Motor Manufacturing Mississippi (TMMMS) – Blue Springs, Mississippi, USA
  • Tsutsumi plant – Toyota City, Aichi Prefecture, Japan
  • Toyota Motor Manufacturing UK (TMUK) – Burnaston, UK
  • Toyota Brazil – Indaiatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Corolla production is scattered globally with major plants in Japan, the US, UK and Brazil turning out high volumes of this compact commuter staple.

Toyota Highlander

Toyota’s three-row Highlander SUV sees exclusive production at:

  • Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indiana (TMMI) – Princeton, Indiana, USA

All Highlander models sold globally are assembled at TMMI, Toyota’s Indiana SUV plant.

Toyota Tundra

The full-size Toyota Tundra pickup is built solely at:

  • Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas (TMMTX) – San Antonio, Texas, USA

Tundra production is consolidated at Toyota’s expansive truck plant in San Antonio. This helps streamline manufacturing.

Those cover the major Toyota car models – the Camry, RAV4, Corolla, Highlander and Tundra. As we’ve seen, Toyota leverages its numerous plants located close to key markets to manufacture their top-selling vehicles. Next we’ll tour Toyota’s main manufacturing facilities around the world.

Toyota Manufacturing Plants By Region

Toyota operates over 30 automotive assembly plants globally across Japan, North America, Europe, Asia and South America. Here we outline some of Toyota’s major manufacturing facilities by region:

Toyota Plants in Japan

As Toyota’s birthplace, Japan is home to their headquarters and several major production complexes:

Honsha Plant – Toyota City, Aichi Prefecture

Toyota’s original manufacturing facility, Honsha plant opened in 1938. Today it produces core Toyota models like the Prius, Yaris, Lexus ES and RX.

Tsutsumi Plant – Toyota City, Aichi Prefecture

One of Toyota’s largest plants with capacity of over 500,000 vehicles per year. Tsutsumi makes the Prius, Camry and Corolla.

Myochi Plant – Toyota City, Aichi Prefecture

Myochi plant builds Lexus luxury models including the LS, IS and NX.

Kamigo Plant – Toyota City, Aichi Prefecture

Kamigo produces minivehicles and microcars like the Passo, Pixis, C+Pod and Sienta.

Tahara Plant – Tahara, Aichi Prefecture

Tahara is Toyota’s most advanced plant, employing extensive automation. It makes the Lexus GS, IS, GX and LX models.

Shimoyama Plant – Miyoshi, Aichi Prefecture

The Shimoyama complex builds engines and transmissions for Toyota vehicles.

Motomachi Plant – Toyota City, Aichi Prefecture

Motomachi exclusively produces the Lexus LFA supercar and Lexus RC sports coupe.

This cluster of plants demonstrates Toyota’s manufacturing strength in their home country of Japan. Next, we look at Toyota’s factories across North America.

Toyota Plants in North America

Toyota directly operates six major vehicle assembly plants in North America:

Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky (TMMK) – Georgetown, Kentucky

Toyota’s largest global plant, TMMK has capacity to build over 500,000 cars per year. It produces the Camry, Avalon, Lexus ES, and RAV4.

Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indiana (TMMI) – Princeton, Indiana

TMMI exclusively manufactures the Highlander midsize SUV and Sequoia full-size SUV.

Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas (TMMTX) – San Antonio, Texas

TMMTX assembles Toyota’s full-size Tundra and mid-size Tacoma pickup trucks.

Toyota Motor Manufacturing Mississippi (TMMMS) – Blue Springs, Mississippi

TMMMS makes the Corolla compact sedan at high volume alongside the Corolla Cross SUV.

Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada (TMMC) – Woodstock, Ontario, Canada

TMMC produces the RAV4 compact SUV and Lexus RX luxury SUV.

Toyota Motor Manufacturing Baja California (TMMBC) – Tijuana, Mexico

TMMBC manufactures Tacoma pickup trucks for the North American market.

Toyota’s huge North American footprint allows them to build top-selling models near where they will be purchased on the continent. Next we’ll look at Toyota’s European plants.

Toyota Plants in Europe

While Toyota’s European production pales in comparison to their Asian and North American facilities, they maintain strategic operations in:

Toyota Motor Manufacturing France (TMMF) – Valenciennes, France

TMMF is Toyota’s largest European plant, building the Yaris small car.

Toyota Motor Manufacturing Turkey (TMMT) – Sakarya, Turkey

TMMT produces the C-HR subcompact crossover and Corolla sedan for European markets.

Toyota Motor Manufacturing Russia (TMMR) – St. Petersburg, Russia

TMMR makes the Camry and RAV4 for Russian and European sales.

Toyota Motor Manufacturing UK (TMUK) – Burnaston, UK

TMUK assembles Corolla hatchbacks and Avensis sedans.

Toyota Peugeot Citroën Automobile Czech (TPCA) – Kolín, Czech Republic

TPCA is a joint venture plant that produces the Toyota Aygo, Peugeot 108 and Citroën C1 city cars.

While smaller than their North American and Asian plants, these European facilities allow Toyota to build locally and avoid import tariffs. Now let’s examine Toyota’s many Asian manufacturing sites.

Toyota Plants in Asia

Toyota operates their largest manufacturing footprint in Asia by far, with major facilities scattered throughout the continent:

Siam Toyota Manufacturing – Chonburi, Thailand

One of Toyota’s biggest plants, their Thailand facility builds Corollas, Hilux trucks and Fortuner SUVs.

Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia – Karawang, Indonesia

This large Indonesian factory produces the Toyota Avanza, Rush and Fortuner for Southeast Asian markets.

Toyota Kirloskar Motor – Bangalore, India

TKM builds the Etios, Innova and Fortuner in India to meet growing local demand.

Indus Motor Company – Karachi, Pakistan

IMC exclusively manufactures the Toyota Corolla in Pakistan for local consumption.

Toyota Motor Manufacturing Malaysia – Bukit Rambai, Malaysia

TMMM produces commercial vehicles for Southeast Asia including the Hilux truck and Hiace van.

Kuozui Motors – Taichung, Taiwan

Kuozui builds the Toyota Yaris and RAV4 for sale in Taiwan.

Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor – Tianjin, China

This Chinese joint venture with FAW manufactures the Corolla and Levin sedans among other models.

Toyota’s widespread Asian manufacturing allows them to participate in emerging automobile markets across the region. Finally, let’s look at Toyota’s South American facilities.

Toyota Plants in South America

Toyota operates production plants in several South American countries:

Toyota Argentina – Zárate, Argentina

Toyota Argentina produces the Hilux pickup and SW4 SUV for local markets.

Toyota do Brasil – São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil

Their Brazilian factory manufactures the Etios and Yaris hatches, and the Hilux truck.

Toyota Venezolana – Cumaná, Venezuela

This plant builds Tacoma trucks and Hilux pickups for the South American market.

Sofasa – Envigado, Colombia

Sofasa produces the Toyota Fortuner and Hilux pickup trucks in Colombia.

While smaller in capacity than their other regions, these plants allow Toyota to assemble popular truck and commercial models within the South American countries they are sold.


In this detailed guide, we explored Toyota’s worldwide vehicle production footprint. As we’ve seen, Toyota employs an extensive global manufacturing strategy with major assembly plants located in Japan, North America, Europe, Asia, and South America.

Toyota builds their most popular models like the Camry, Corolla, RAV4, Highlander and Tundra all over the world, with facilities positioned to supply regional demand. This localization allows Toyota to manufacture vehicles close to where they will be purchased for maximum efficiency.

So in summary, while Toyota originated in Japan, their cars come from a diverse collection of factories spanning the globe! With over 30 plants worldwide building Toyota and Lexus vehicles, their manufacturing network powers production of some of the top-selling and most-loved cars across the planet.

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