Have you ever wondered where those sleek, luxurious Jaguar vehicles that you see on the roads are manufactured? As one of the most iconic British automotive brands, Jaguar has a fascinating history and heritage deeply rooted in the UK. So where exactly are Jaguar cars made? In short, Jaguar cars are made in the UK at manufacturing plants in Birmingham, Wolverhampton, and Halewood.
In this in-depth post, we’ll explore Jaguar’s British manufacturing facilities including the models produced at each plant. You’ll learn about the major milestones in Jaguar’s manufacturing history from their founding in 1922 to current operations under ownership by Tata Motors. We’ll also overview the flagship Jaguar models over the years and profile their state-of-the-art UK plants that assemble these luxury vehicles today. Let’s take a tour of Jaguar’s acclaimed manufacturing!
Table of Contents
An Introduction to Jaguar Cars
Jaguar is a renowned luxury and sports car brand known for their stylish designs, high-performance engines, and British heritage dating back to the 1920s. Jaguar cars are crafted with meticulous attention to detail and designed to deliver a dynamic, refined driving experience. The leaping cat Jaguar logo is recognized worldwide as a symbol of prestige, luxury, and British motoring.
Jaguar’s current model range offers a breadth of options from sports cars like the F-Type to luxury sedans including the XF and XJ to SUVs like the E-Pace and F-Pace. Over Jaguar’s long history, they have produced classic icons like the E-Type sports car along with more contemporary hits.
As a proud British brand, Jaguar cares deeply about local manufacturing. They have invested over £2.5 billion in their UK facilities over the last decade to support advanced design and production. Jaguar strives for quality, precision, and excellence in everything they build. Now let’s explore those state-of-the-art UK plants!
Jaguar’s Primary UK Manufacturing Plants and Models
Jaguar cars are manufactured across three main plants in the UK, all located in the heart of England. Their primary facility is in Castle Bromwich which makes most models. The Engine Manufacturing Centre provides engines and drivetrains while Halewood makes SUVs.
Castle Bromwich Manufacturing Plant
The centerpiece of Jaguar’s UK manufacturing is the Castle Bromwich plant located in Birmingham. This massive facility covers nearly 110 acres and employs over 8,000 workers. Jaguar has invested over £500 million in Castle Bromwich over the last 10 years.
Castle Bromwich opened in 1945 and was Jaguar’s first manufacturing site dedicated to automobile production. Over its history, the plant has produced classics like the XK120 along with 3 million vehicles since 2000.
Today, Castle Bromwich makes the XE and XF saloons, the XJ luxury sedan, and the F-Type sports car. It provides full body assembly, interior trim, and final inspection. Painting also takes place on-site.
Key facts about the Castle Bromwich manufacturing facility:
- 110 acre site with production capacity over 100,000 vehicles per year
- Employs 8,100 workers across three shifts
- £500 million invested in past decade for upgrades
- Manufactures the XE, XF, XJ, and F-Type models currently
- Full body assembly, painting, trim, final inspection
Castle Bromwich represents Jaguar’s center of excellence for manufacturing and demonstrates their commitment to British production.
Engine Manufacturing Centre (Wolverhampton)
In addition to vehicle assembly, Jaguar also manufactures its own engines in the UK. The £500 million Engine Manufacturing Centre in Wolverhampton provides all of the engines for new Jaguar and Land Rover models.
This advanced facility employs 1,400 workers who manufacture Jaguar’s Ingenium family of gasoline and diesel engines. The Ingenium engine powers many Jaguar models including the XE, XF, E-Pace, and F-Pace. The plant has capacity for up to 300,000 engines per year.
Key facts on Jaguar’s Engine Manufacturing Centre:
- £500 million purpose-built facility opened in 2014
- Manufactures Ingenium engines for Jaguar and Land Rover
- 1,400 employees working 24 hours a day in 3 shifts
- Produces up to 300,000 engines per year
- Provides engines for XE, XF, E-Pace, F-Pace, etc.
Jaguar is unique amongst luxury automakers in designing and building its own engines and drivetrains in the UK. This allows them to achieve high-performance, efficiency, and quality standards.
Halewood Manufacturing Facility
The third facility making Jaguar models in the UK is the Halewood plant located near Liverpool. Originally built by Ford, Halewood was acquired by Jaguar Land Rover in 2001 and now manufactures several Land Rover models along with the Jaguar E-Pace and Discovery Sport.
Halewood employs over 4,000 people and is Jaguar’s center of excellence for building SUVs. The plant underwent a major £400 million investment to prepare for E-Pace production starting in 2017.
Here are key facts on Halewood manufacturing facility:
- Located near Liverpool, originally built by Ford in 1963
- £400 million invested since 2010 to upgrade for E-Pace
- 4,000 + employees working across 3 production shifts
- Manufactures the E-Pace and Discovery Sport SUV models
- Additional capacity added in 2020 for Land Rover Defender
The skilled workforce at Halewood helps Jaguar achieve superb build quality on models like the compact E-Pace crossover. The plant demonstrates Jaguar’s adaptability and expertise in SUV manufacturing.
Brief History of Jaguar Car Manufacturing in the UK
Jaguar has a storied vehicle manufacturing history spanning over 80 years in Britain. Here is a brief overview of the major milestones over the decades:
- 1922 – The Swallow Sidecar Company founded by Sir William Lyons and William Walmsley. Produced sidecars and vehicle bodies.
- 1935 – Opened first factory in Coventry to start full automobile production.
- 1945 – New manufacturing facility at Castle Bromwich for post-war production.
- 1948 – First major success with launch of XK120 sports car made at Castle Bromwich.
- 1951 – Company renamed to Jaguar Cars Limited.
- 1961 – Revolutionary E-Type sports car unveiled and manufactured in Coventry.
- 1966 – Merged with British Motor Corporation to form British Motor Holdings.
- 1968 – Became part British Leyland Motor Corporation conglomerate.
- 1984 – Jaguar brand spun off from BLMC again as independent company.
- 1989 – Ford purchases Jaguar for $2.5 billion beginning modernization of plants.
- 2008 – Tata Motors purchases Jaguar and Land Rover brands from Ford.
- 2014 – Opens £500 million Engine Manufacturing Centre in Wolverhampton.
- 2015 – Begins manufacturing the revolutionary F-Pace SUV, their first crossover model.
- 2017 – Launches compact E-Pace SUV production at Halewood plant.
This quick history summarizes Jaguar’s remarkable journey in auto manufacturing from their early coachbuilding days to current position as a leading luxury automaker owned by India’s Tata Motors.
Spotlight on Major Jaguar Models Over the Years
In addition to their manufacturing milestones, it’s important to recognize the iconic Jaguar models that have made the brand famous over the decades. Here’s a spotlight on some of the most important vehicles in Jaguar history:
- Jaguar’s first smash hit sports car launched just after WWII in 1948.
- Available as a two-seat roadster and later fixed-head coupé.
- Powerful XK inline-6 cylinder engine reached 120 mph giving the car its name.
- Manufactured at Castle Bromwich plant and hugely important for establishing Jaguar’s reputation.
- The E-Type debuted in 1961 and blew away critics with its stunning design.
- Enzo Ferrari called it “the most beautiful car ever made” – high praise!
- Athletic performance from triple SU carb 6-cylinder and V12 engines.
- Continues to be highly valued as a collector car and Jaguar icon.
XJ Sedan (1968-Present)
- First introduced in 1968, the XJ has been Jaguar’s flagship luxury sedan for decades.
- Defines Jaguar’s blend of elegant styling, refined performance, and British craftsmanship.
- Has evolved through several generations over 50+ years with both classic and modern styling.
- Current XJ received an aluminum-intensive redesign in 2009 shedding weight and improving agility.
- Jaguar returned to their sports car roots with the release of the F-Type in 2013.
- Available as a roadster and coupe with a range of supercharged V6 and V8 power.
- Considered the spiritual successor to classics like the E-Type.
- Castle Bromwich plant specially modified to produce the aluminum F-Type.
Jaguar’s Ongoing Commitment to UK Manufacturing
Despite changing ownership over the decades, Jaguar has remained committed to local manufacturing in the UK throughout its history. Their cars proudly wear a “Made in Britain” logo underscoring their heritage.
Jaguar’s plants have implemented cutting-edge automation and lean manufacturing techniques to increase efficiency and quality. But skilled employees remain essential to assembling their luxury vehicles. Jaguar and the broader UK auto industry provide thousands of stable jobs with good wages.
Looking ahead, Jaguar is dedicated to next-generation technologies including electric vehicles. Jaguar has pledged all of their models will be fully electric by 2025. This will require major investments and changes to Castle Bromwich, Solihull, and other UK plants in coming years.
Jaguar strives to balance this future focus with celebrating their illustrious past. Their slogan “Never Forget Where it All Began” underlines their commitment to British roots. For over 80 years, Jaguar has called the UK home.
Conclusion: Jaguar’s Ongoing Legacy of British Automotive Excellence
From their vintage XK120 roadster to today’s muscular F-Type sports car, Jaguar has always embodied luxury, performance, and prestige. The leaping cat continues to be a symbol of British automotive excellence recognized across the globe.
Jaguar’s team of over 15,000 skilled employees in the UK work passionately to design and build vehicles upholding their reputation for quality. The brand remains dedicated to local manufacturing at their plants in Birmingham, Wolverhampton and Liverpool.
So the next time you see a gleaming Jaguar on the road, you can feel confident knowing it was masterfully crafted at one of their state-of-the-art British facilities with care and pride. Jaguar represents the pinnacle of British motoring. Their close ties to UK manufacturing shine through in every vehicle that bears the Jaguar name.